Bias kept black scientists out of Oak Ridge's atomic bomb work
CLOSE Oak Ridge historian Ray Smith speaks about a history of oppression and segregation against the African-American population there during the construction of ORNL and the Y-12 complex.
Adolf Hitler's quest to build a master race drove European scientific talent into the United States' ranks, giving the nation a jump-start on the race to develop the first atomic bomb.
But even as the United States held its arms open to immigrating scientists, many persecuted Jews, it constrained African-Americans who wanted to commit their talents to the war effort.
Nowhere was this more evident than in... read more
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